How to Represent Property in Another State

In today’s mobile world, many individuals own property that is located in other states. They may own a villa or may keep particular individual property in another state than the state where they presently reside. This property should be carefully represented in a person’s estate plan.


A crucial aspect of the law is jurisdiction. This term describes whether a court has authority over a specific case. In cases involving property, usually the court that has jurisdiction is the one in the county where the property is situated. If an individual dies living in one state, that state’s court can make orders relating to the property in the borders of that state. It generally can not make orders relating to property situated in another state.

Probate Process

When someone dies, the probate procedure is typically triggered. This is the procedure that deals with a person’s final costs and disposes of his or her remaining property. Probate is based upon state law. This procedure is begun in the state of the deceased individual’s home. Usually, the court can make orders directing the personality of individual property even if it lies in another estate.

Ancillary Probate

The executor of the estate may be needed to open a supplementary probate proceeding in the other jurisdiction and in each jurisdiction where real property is positioned. Due to the fact that various states have various rules relating to inheritance or estate tax, the estate in the other state may undergo these taxes. Many states try to make supplementary probate proceedings simplified and may just supplement proceedings in the house state. Additionally, supplementary probate tends to only handle limited property, so it may be much faster and basic than the primary probate procedure.

Simplified Process

In some states, if the worth of the property is below a certain amount, the administrator may be able to use a simplified process. This type of process may involve sending the testator’s will to the court and after that signing an affidavit to seize the property. Some states do not allow the streamlined procedure when genuine property is included. A legal representative certified in the jurisdiction may have the ability to explain whether this streamlined process is allowed and what it entails.

Submitting Process

To start a secondary probate case, the executor must file a petition with the court of probate in the county where the decedent’s genuine property lies. This petition might be comparable to the one that the administrator used to open the main probate case. The petition should specify the basic details about the case, including providing details about the testator’s identity, the reality that she or he passed away, that an existing probate case is ongoing, the case number related to the other case or cases and the property situated within the state. The testator’s will ought to be connected to the petition.

Extra Actions

After the petition is filed, there are other legal requirements. The executor may require to sign letters of authorization and have them signed by the notary. The administrator may require to appear in court to get approval to be the administrator in that state too or to attend a hearing. Other states allow written demands to simplify the ancillary process.

Alternatives to Probate

There may be options to having supplementary probate that the testator might want to consider before passing away. One choice is to use a transfer on death deed. This deed is taped in the county clerk’s workplace where the real estate lies. Upon the testator’s death, the property is transferred to the individual called as the recipient. However, the recipient has no ownership interest until the testator’s death. Owning property as joint occupants can likewise assist avoid a secondary probate procedure. Transferring the property to a trust can also have the same effect.

Legal Assistance

The probate procedure can be a confusing one. A separate attorney may be essential in each jurisdiction where property is located. The attorney for the main probate procedure might make suggestions regarding which attorney to employ in another jurisdiction. Lots of attorneys are disallowed in numerous states. If this is the case, the main attorney may be able to handle several probate procedures. Even if a person thinks that he or she can complete the probate process in his/her home state, probate law and procedure differ in different states so he or she might wish to employ a lawyer for the secondary probate case. A legal representative can explain the procedure involved and assist make sure that the testator’s wishes are brought out.